For kids hoping to avoid the drugs and alcohol crowd, the next best thing is a fad called a hookah which allows groups of teenagers and young adults to smoke flavored tobacco together, in a community-like environment, through a single, multi-hosed water pipe. What most teenagers do not know however, is that smoking from a hookah waterpipe is no safer than smoking cigarettes and in fact, with the additional of charcoal ignition and prolonged smoking-sessions, may indeed be even more harmful than traditional smoking methods.
It is sold to children and teenagers labeled as bath salts, fertilizer, or insect repellent under names like Ivory Wave, White Lightning, Red Dove, Vanilla Sky, Cloud 9, or Blue Silk. The label says “not for human consumption” but it is intended to be snorted, swallowed, smoked, or injected. As of 2011, the DEA does not regulate them. Its effects are comparable to methamphetamines or cocaine. And it’s been directly implicated in the deaths of several teenagers.
The 1960’s hippie counter culture movement involved a variety of concerns and beliefs. Their primary belief was that life was about being happy, not about what others thought you should be. Their “if it feels good, do it” attitudes included little forethought nor concern for the consequences of their actions.
Lysergic acid diethylamide, LSD or “acid”, famous for its role in the 1960’s counterculture movement, is a colorless, odorless, and slightly bitter tasting drug. It goes by many names including Acid, Trips, Uncle Sid, Blotter, Lucy, Alice, back breaker, battery acid, doses, dots, elvis, loony toons, lucy in the sky with diamonds, lazy sunshine dust, pane, superman, window pane, zen, microdots, sugar cubes, tabs. During the 1960’s, LSD was the drug of choice during the 1960’s counterculture (hippy) movement. It was estimated that 20.2 million U.S. residents had used LSD at least once.
Known as a Vod-Bomb, Birch, or a ‘DVR’ (double vodka red bull), the newest drinking trend amongst the college and high school aged crowd is a cocktail made by mixing vodka and a highly caffeinated energy drink, typically Red Bull. It is popular among the 18-30 generation in bars and nightclubs around the world. In 2010, an FDA study resulted in a ban placed on several manufacturers of caffeine and alcohol drinks.
Methamphetamines, or crystal meth, creates paranoia and hallucinations and can lead to toxic psychosis. It is a psychoactive stimulant that can increase alertness, concentration, energy. It can induce euphoria and enhance self esteem. Given its activation of dopamine and serotonin in the brain, meth has a high potential for abuse and addiction – some addicts would choose death over abstinence from the drug. During the early 1990’s the use of crystal meth by high school students doubled.
MDMA or ecstasy (often abbreviated “E” or “X”) was first synthesized in 1912 by Merck chemist Anton Kollisch in an effort to create a substance that stopped out-of-control bleeding. By the late 1980’s, ecstasy, the “feel good drug” has hit the club scenes in Dallas, Texas. A year later, the hallucinogenic drug had moved overseas and by the mid 1990’s, was the drug of choice at raves (parties).
Crack is cheap, easy to get, and highly addictive. It emerged in the mid-1980’s as the popular drug of choice because it was easy and inexpensive to manufacture making it readily available and cheap. In a 1986 Gallup poll, Americans listed crack cocaine as the most serious problem in American society.
Pharming parties (also called pharm parties) is a get-together where prescription drugs are exchanged and randomly ingested, in order to become intoxicated. The earliest mention of such parties appears to have been in the March 8, 2002 issue of the newspaper Public Opinion (Chambersburg, PA), which said this was occurring “in some communities”.
Synthetic cannabis is an herbal and chemical product which mimics the effects of cannabis. It is best known by the brand names K2 and Spice. When synthetic cannabis products first went on sale it was thought that they achieved an effect through a mixture of legal herbs. Laboratory analysis in 2008 showed this was not the case and that they in fact contained synthetic cannabinoids which act on the body in a similar way to cannabinoids naturally found in cannabis.